Perception and utilization of long lasting insecticidal nets among primary healthcare workers in Osun State, Nigeria

A.A. Adeomi, O.A. Adeoye, A.A. Onayade

Abstract



Bckground: The evidence on the effectiveness of Long Lasting Insecticide Nets (LLINs) in reducing malaria transmission has grown rapidly in recent years, but the same cannot be said for its utilization rates. This study therefore aimed to assess the perception and utilization of LLINs among primary healthcare workers in Osun State, Nigeria.
Methods: This descriptive cross sectional study was carried out among selected PHC workers in public healthcare facilities in selected LGAs in Osun State, Nigeria. Two hundred and seventy six respondents were selected using multi-stage sampling technique. Data were collected using pre-tested semi-structured questionnaire, analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21.
Results: All the respondents had heard about LLIN, however only 118 (42.8%) had good knowledge on LLIN. One hundred and seventy five (63.4%) were currently using LLIN, of which only 113 (64.6%) slept under LLIN the night before the survey. Significant determinants of LLIN use were marital status, group of health workers and their attitude towards the use of LLIN. The respondents with positive attitude towards LLIN were twice more likely to use LLIN than those with negative attitude.
Conclusion: The study concluded that less than half of the primary healthcare workers had good knowledge about LLIN, and positive attitude towards LLIN while about three-fifths of the respondents were currently using LLIN.
Attitude towards LLIN was an important determinant of its use. It is therefore recommended that there should be training and re-training of healthcare workers on LLIN, to ensure that they have adequate knowledge.

Keywords


Perception; Attitude, Utilization, Long lasting insecticidal nets, Primary Healthcare Workers, Osun State.

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