ASSESSING THE SPATIAL PATTERN OF CRIME IN BOMADI AND PATANI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS OF DELTA STATE, NIGERIA

B. E. Daukere, M. A. Iliya, I. M. Dankani, U. A. Karofi

Abstract



Criminal activity is frequently unevenly distributed throughout space, with concentrations in specific neighbourhoods, and is linked to several socioeconomic and criminal opportunity factors. This study assessed the spatial pattern of property and violent crime in Bomadi and Patani Local Government Areas of Delta State, Nigeria. Data on the experience of crime victimisation by residents were collected using a crime victimisation questionnaire survey. A total of 399 respondents were selected using a systematic random sampling method. An administrative map of the study area was acquired from the Ministry of Land and Survey, Delta State which was used as the base map. These data were analysed using Nearest Neighbour Analysis (NNA) and Kernel Density Estimation (KDE), to derive the pattern and density of hotspots of crime in the area. Descriptive statistics such as line graphs were used to analyse the crime types and temporal variation of crime incidence. Hypotheses were tested with Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), and regression analytical tools. Findings revealed that property crime had the highest incidence rate of 61.68% while violent crime had the least with 38.32%. Findings revealed property and violent crime are concentrated in the towns of Bomadi, Patani and Akugbene which are more economically developed and have a larger population than the surrounding communities. Furthermore, the study reveals that there has been a substantial decline in recorded property and violent crimes over the years. To ensure the safety and protection of citizens, it is recommended that the police should conduct frequent patrols in the towns of Bomadi, Akugbeni, and Patani, which have been identified as hotspots.

Keywords


Property and violent crimes, Nearest neighbour analysis, Kernel density estimation, Hotspots, Spatial pattern

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