SPATIO-TEMPORAL VARIATIONS OF CLIMATIC CONDITIONS AND THE IMPLICATIONS ON TOURIST ATTRACTIONS IN KANO STATE

M. Abba, L. J. Magaji

Abstract



Tourism, like other economic activities, is sensitive to climate. Thus, a difference in climatic conditions may mean a change in tourism activities. This paper examines the spatio-temporal variability of some climatic elements and how they affect tourism resources in Kano State. Data were generated through field inventories, interviews, maps and satellite images. Documented materials were also consulted for climatic and tourism data. ArcGIS software was used to create shapefiles for tourist attractions and climatic attributes of the area. A single map for tourism attractions in relation to climatic characteristics was produced through an overlay procedure. It is found that the types and distribution of tourism attractions in the state follow spatio-temporal climatic patterns; hence there is a relationship between variations of climate and tourist attractions. The wetter climatic zone to the south favoured the presence of forests, game reserves, resorts and archaeological sites, while the drier zone to the north offered more opportunities for cultural and sporting activities. Cultural festivals and other recreational activities are usually staged during the warm and dry season (kaka), especially in the central and northern parts. It is recommended that public awareness campaigns on climate change and tourism be made, community participation in mitigation efforts be employed and further studies on peoples' knowledge for management of tourism resources be conducted.

Keywords


Variability, Recreation, Overlay, ArcGIS, Attractions

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