PERCEPTION ON THE EFFECT OF FOREST DEFORESTATION ON THE ENVIRONMENT IN THE CENTRAL ZONE OF TARABA STATE, NIGERIA

U.J. Abba, Y.M. Bakoji, A.A. Umar, M.S. Isa, J.A. Mohammed

Abstract



The present study conducted in the central zone of Taraba State aims to show the effect of deforestation on the environment. The methodological approach consisted of in-depth interviews and group discussions in addition to the questionnaire survey of 383 respondents from 37 sampled forest community villages randomly chosen from nine districts purposively selected from three local government areas that made up the study area. The findings revealed that logging (49.1 %) and agricultural activities (25.3%) are the major anthropogenic factors leading to deforestation. Over 80% of the respondents rated deforestation activities as generally high. The source of income to the community and revenues to the state government was the respondent's reasons for deforestation. The findings also show that extinction of plant species is the major environmental implication of deforestation while, the imposition of forest guards and enactment of laws as effective measures for curtailing the menace of deforestation in the study area. It was recommended that increased reforestation efforts, sensitization and periodical campaigns against deforestation, and redesign of the existing forestry laws by the state government to curtail incessant incidents of deforestation in the study area be undertaken.

Keywords


Deforestation, Deforestation effect, Forest, Taraba State, Nigeria.

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