TRENDS OF BIRTHS AND DEATHS REGISTRATION IN SOKOTO METROPOLIS, SOKOTO STATE, NIGERIA

L. Barau, I. A. Abdulkarim

Abstract



Birth and death registration is a foundation of reliable demographic data in any geographical area and is very important for policy and planning. Using both qualitative and quantitative methods, this study examined the trends of births and deaths registration in Sokoto Metropolis, covering all the 14 vital registration centres in the Metropolis. Two sets of data were used: one was obtained from archives of the National Population Commission (NPC) (2009-2018) which included all registered births and deaths. The other was through in-depth interviews involving four NPC officials. Line graphs were used to show the trends of births and deaths registration, and chi-square were employed to test the weather in birth and death registration among the centers has significant difference as well as content analysis was used to highlight the major challenges facing births and deaths registration. The result showed that the temporal distribution of births registration is increasing while deaths registration is decreasing and there is significant difference in birth and death registration among the centers. The study further showed that the challenges that hindered the smooth running of registration of birth and death include lack of awareness, people's perception, level of government commitments, lack of adequate funding, among others. The study recommends massive awareness campaigns on vital registration events and their importance for national planning and the establishment of more registration centres by NPC.

Keywords


Vital registration, Population growth, Registration records, Temporal distribution

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