ASSESSMENT OF THE FACTORS AFFECTING THE SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN SOME PARTS OF BENUE STATE, NIGERIA

D.S. Aule, M.S. Jibril, T.O. Adewuyi

Abstract



This research studied the factors affecting the spatial distribution of secondary schools in some parts of Benue State. The objective of the study was to assess the spatial relationship that exists between relief, population, land area covered by the districts and the schools distributed in the districts. The study adopted survey, field observation and measurement to obtain the needed data. Population of 2006 census was collected and projected at 2.9% to get the current population of the study area. ArcGIS 10.1 was used to produce the relief maps of the study area and establish the relationship between relief and the schools' patterns. It was also used to compute the land area covered by the districts using digital map. Descriptive and inferential statistical techniques were employed to analyze the data. The result shows that relief is the most predominant factor affecting the spatial distribution of schools in the three Local Government Areas. A disproportionate relationship exists between population, land mass and schools. This disproportionate relationship weakens the strength for ascertaining the findings on the effects of population and landmass on spatial distribution of schools in the area. This study recommends that further research should be conducted using GIS database analysis and more robust inferential statistical techniques to validate the result and establish spatial reality of the findings.

Keywords


Determinants, Distribution, Schools, GIS, Population, Relief

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